The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has some great advice regarding heat-related issues
Often, the thrill of an outdoor activity, such as a camp, concert, hike or festival, overshadows heat-related illness concerns — until it is too late.
Every year, 90 percent of recorded heat stroke deaths occur during a football practice, reported the National Center of Catastrophic Sport Injury Research in March 2017.
“Since 1995, 61 football players have died from heat stroke (46 high school, 11 college, 2 professional and 2 organized youth),” the study found.
Cleveland Clinic warns each summer of the dangers of heat-related illnesses. Some of the most common are cramps, exhaustion and stroke.
Cramps occur when a body becomes dehydrated and lacks electrolytes, says Cleveland Clinic; the result is painful muscle tightening and spasms.
Heat exhaustion is worse in that feelings of fatigue, weakness, lightheadedness, nausea, vomiting and profuse sweating happen if a body has undergone prolonged exertion without proper hydration and electrolyte replenishment.
The most life-threatening is heat stroke, which means the body’s natural heat regulation system is shutting down. Heat stroke is evident if someone is disoriented; stops sweating in a hot environment; has warm, red, dry skin; or loses consciousness. Immediate medical attention is needed if heat stroke is suspected.
For heat cramps and exhaustion, which can lead to heat stroke if not tended to, rehydration, rest, stretching and cooling are necessary.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s advice regarding heat-related issues includes:
— Stay cool: Wear lightweight, loose-fitting clothing; stay in air-conditioned or shaded areas; limit outdoor activities to mornings and evenings on days when heat and humidity is especially high; and refresh with or in cool water when possible.
— Stay hydrated: Drink more fluids throughout the day instead of waiting until thirsty, avoid sugary drinks, and replace salt and minerals lost in sweat with a sports drink.
— Stay informed: Check weather conditions, know the warning signs of heat-related illnesses, and learn how to condition and protect the body to handle summer outdoor sports and activities.